While the Tatmadaw, as the military is called, said it had received due process, its prosecution was condemned by rights groups for lack of fairness and transparency.
Dr Tun-Aung Shwe, Australian representative of Myanmar’s shadow administration, the government of national unity, described the proceedings against Suu Kyi as “show trials” aimed at sidelining her from the scene. policy once and for all.
“The military thinks that if they are able to remove Aung San Suu Kyi from the political scene, they can win the anti-coup movement. But their actions will be counterproductive, ”said Shwe, whose late father, Monywa Tin Shwe, was a founding member of the NLD along with Suu Kyi and died as a political prisoner in Insein prison in Yangon in 1997. .
“Their position will encourage the people to fight against the military. “
The country of 54 million people has fallen into chaos since the brutal takeover that ended Myanmar’s brief flirtation with democracy, returning it to the tyrannical hands of the military that ruled it for most of it. of the seven decades since independence.
More than 1,300 people have been killed in a bloody crackdown on protesters and continued violence, according to the watch group of the Association for Assistance to Political Prisoners.
Five more people died in the main city of Yangon on Sunday when security forces reportedly mowed down anti-coup protesters with a car.
Suu Kyi and her Australian economic adviser Sean Turnell are among more than 10,000 people to have been arrested and imprisoned since the coup, according to the monitoring group.
Turnell, detained since February 6, is himself on trial for violating Myanmar’s colonial-era Official Secrets Act, allegations which have been denounced as baseless by friends and supporters of the Sydney academic .
The Australian government has always called for his release, with Foreign Secretary Marise Payne claiming he was arbitrarily detained. But he spent most of that year locked inside Insein Prison before being transferred to Naypyidaw for his trial.
While many members of Suu Kyi’s former government are in hiding or have fled into exile, Burmese courts have already severely sentenced several of his political associates.
In October, his longtime aide, Win Htein, was sentenced to 20 years in prison for treason. At first, Nan Khin Htwe Myin, former chief minister of Kayin state, was jailed for 75 years and Than Naing, who as state planning minister in Kayin, was jailed for 90 years. . Both were members of Suu Kyi’s NLD party.
Suu Kyi spent a total of 15 years under house arrest during the previous Tatmadaw military regime before being released in 2010.
Suu Kyi is accused of having walkie-talkies operated by her unlicensed security guards. The maximum penalty is one year in prison and a fine. Verdict expected on December 13.
Suu Kyi is accused of improperly importing walkie talkies. This was the first charge filed after her home was raided when the military took power on February 1 and was used to initially detain her. The maximum penalty is three years imprisonment and a fine. Verdict expected on December 13.
Suu Kyi is charged with two counts of violating coronavirus restrictions during last year’s election campaign, which her party won overwhelmingly and which the military refuses to acknowledge. The offense falls under the Natural Disaster Management Act. The deposed president, Win Myint, is also indicted under the law. The maximum penalty for each count is three years in prison and a fine. She was found guilty on Monday on one count and sentenced to two years in prison. The verdict on the second count is expected on December 14.
Suu Kyi was also found guilty on Monday of incitement, defined as the dissemination of false or inflammatory information likely to disturb public order, and sometimes qualified as sedition. His co-defendants for inciting violence were ousted President Win Myint and Myo Aung, the former mayor of the capital, Naypyitaw. They were also found guilty. The maximum penalty is two years in prison and a fine. All three were sentenced to a maximum of two years.
OFFICIAL SECRETS ACT
The Official Secrets Act, also known as the State Secrets Act, is a legacy of the British colonial era that criminalizes the possession, collection, recording, publication or sharing of information States which are “directly or indirectly useful to an enemy”. Suu Kyi’s co-defendants in this case are three former members of his cabinet and Sean Turnell, an Australian economist who served as his advisor. Details of the alleged breach were not made public, although state television said Turnell had access to “secret state financial information” and attempted to flee the country. The maximum penalty is 14 years in prison. Verdict expected next year.
A special tribunal hears four corruption cases against Suu Kyi. She faces two counts covering her own actions and two in which she allegedly conspired with other defendants to commit acts of corruption, implying an abuse of power. The testimony included an allegation by a former political ally of Suu Kyi that he handed her a bribe of $ 600,000 and seven gold bars in 2017-18. Suu Kyi called his allegations “absurd”.
Suu Kyi has also been accused of embezzling money intended for charitable donations to build a residence and abusing her position to obtain rental properties at lower than market prices for a charitable foundation named according to her mother whom she chaired. The Anti-Corruption Commission alleged that such actions deprived the state of revenue it would otherwise have earned.
The maximum penalty for each offense is 15 years in prison and a fine. No date has yet been set for the verdict.
A fifth corruption charge, also involving the rental of real estate, has yet to be tried. Authorities announced last week that they had filed a sixth charge against her and Win Myint in connection with the granting of permits to hire and purchase a helicopter.
Myanmar’s electoral commission has announced that it is prosecuting Suu Kyi and 15 other political figures for alleged fraud in the general elections last November. The action of the Union Election Commission could lead to the dissolution of Suu Kyi’s party and the inability to participate in a new election that the military has promised to take place within two years of its takeover.
The commission said Suu Kyi, former chairman Win Myint, other prominent figures from his party and the former chairman of the committee were “involved in electoral processes, electoral fraud and illegal actions” related to the polls. An election commissioner announced that Suu Kyi and two colleagues are accused of violating the constitution and several election laws.