‘Investing’ or ‘bribery’ would not matter, TN politicians and voters love banknote tradition
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Kanyakumari: The follow of promising voters presents in Tamil Nadu’s elections is so endemic that each one leaders – from MG Ramachandran (MGR), J. Jayalalithaa to Karunanidhi and MK Stalin – have actively inspired this tradition.
Because the merchandise on provide went from the crusher to the washer, critics referred to as it political bribes and even Madras Excessive Court docket judges. weighed Wednesday, saying it made voters lazy.
Calling presents a corrupt follow, a bench of judges N. Kirubakaran and B. Portugalendhi had Wednesday mentioned, “Sadly, the giveaways usually are not associated to job creation, improvement or agriculture.
“Voters are made to vote for them by these magical guarantees. As soon as each 5 years, this tamasha continues for many years collectively. Guarantees have at all times remained guarantees. Most of them, apart from freebies, usually are not applied, ”he mentioned.
The court docket’s observations got here on a written petition asking for directions to transform the reserved constituency of the Vasudevanallur meeting to a normal constituency.
The judges’ comment, nonetheless, angered voters.
“How can the Madras Excessive Court docket say one thing like that?” Neither I nor my workers are lazy. We work very onerous for our wages. These presents are fundamental components for enhancing the standard of life. In the event that they received Rs 1000 per day it will make folks lazy, no (in the event that they get Rs 1000 monthly). How can that make somebody lazy? requested Mr. Rajendran, a supervisor answerable for laying the tracks at Sattur in Virudhunagar.
Rajendran, an engineering graduate, acquired a gold mortgage final 12 months underneath a present authorities program of AIADMK, and a fan, mixer-grinder in addition to a scholarship of Rs 20,000 per 12 months from 2013 to 2017 underneath the Jayalalithaa authorities since he was the primary graduate of his household. Below Karunanidhi’s authorities, he had acquired a TV and GPL connection.
Relating to the tradition of presents, the ruling AIADMK mentioned that “Tamil Nadu solely has presents primarily based on want”, which needs to be thought-about “investments”, whereas DMK executives mentioned: “You will need to understand that what was as soon as a luxurious is now important.”
Consultants, in the meantime, mentioned there was a distinction between social safety schemes and presents.
“Social safety measures have contributed to social improvement, which in flip has attracted funding. Because the Seventies, Tamil Nadu has devoted half of its spending to social safety applications, ”mentioned Professor Ok. Jothi Sivagnanam, head of the Division of Economics on the College of Madras.
Additionally learn: Why this Tamil Nadu constituency is the BJP’s “ Island of Hope ”
Occasion allegiances and presents
Giveaways or welfare applications are so common in Tamil Nadu among the many voters that it’s on this foundation that folks swear social gathering allegiance.
ThePrint visited the districts of Dindigul, Madurai, Virudhunagar and Tirunelveli and located that most individuals owe their allegiance to events on the premise of presents that they had acquired from them prior to now.
“I’ll vote for Stalin as a result of if he involves energy he’ll do one thing good for the folks. I help the DMK due to the great governance of Kalaignar (Karunanidhi). I’ve many household issues and my daughters want a job, Stalin promised to resolve all our issues, ”mentioned Raja Hassan, 50, proprietor of a tea stand in Andipatti within the Madurai district.
Hassan, a resident of Sholavandan, defined that in Karunanidhi’s tenure he acquired 10,000 rupees as a wedding allowance for his daughter.
Her two daughters additionally acquired a scholarship of Rs 2,000 every for his or her training and the household additionally benefited from the Kalaignar Kappeetu Thittam program, geared toward offering medical health insurance to low-income teams.
Like Hassan, the loyalty of Chandra, 55, is agency, however for the AIADMK.
“I’m a beneficiary of Amma’s (Jayalalithaa) housing program. It’s because of her that I’ve a home. I received nothing from the Kalaignar authorities. Regardless of if (CM) Edappadi helped us or not, I’ll at all times vote for the 2 leaf image, ”mentioned Chandra, a resident of Virudhunagar.
Younger voters, nonetheless, go for events on the premise of what they’ve promised.
“My vote will go for the strain cooker at TTV Dhinakaran’s AMMK as a result of he mentioned that younger graduates may have job alternatives. I desire a authorities job, ”Moorthi, a 20-year-old farmer, instructed Thambupuram in Tirunelveli.
KR Shanmugam, director of the Madras College of Economics, instructed ThePrint that “freebies usually are not new to Tamil Nadu, it is all a part of the political sport.”
“Nevertheless, this time, an enormous quantity is allotted to them, which is able to have an effect on the event side, as a result of this cash may very well be invested elsewhere,” he added.
“And for guarantees comparable to giving Rs 1,000 or Rs 1,500 to every feminine head of family and free washing machines are involved, the federal government of Tamil Nadu should respect this by borrowing from the Heart or by growing tax income” , he added.
In line with a report by India Rankings and Analysis revealed on March 26, Tamil Nadu see probably the best ever finances deficit of the millennium in fiscal 12 months 2021.
Throughout Jayalalithaa’s tenure as CM, among the tasks she launched the place the Thalikku Thangam Thittam or the “Gold for Marriage” program to ladies from economically backward sections who had obtained a diploma or diploma.
She additionally launched Amma Unavangams (canteens), which supplied meals at a backed value all through the state. In the course of the Covid-19 lockdown final 12 months, these canteens gave free meals to folks in Tamil Nadu.
Like Amma Unavangams, Jayalalithaa additionally launched “Amma Pharmacy” and “Amma Water” to offer drugs and water at closely backed charges. Certainly one of his tasks, which was extraordinarily common amongst folks, was the Amma laptops supplied freed from cost to college students learning at public excessive faculties or schools.
His predecessor Karunanidhi additionally launched a good quantity of social safety schemes.
These included 75% concession for long-distance journey on the state bus community for folks with disabilities, medical health insurance plans for low-income teams, the Aravani ID card for the transgender group. to assist them use ration playing cards, voter IDs and driving licenses in 2008; and arrange farmers’ markets to make sure they get honest costs.
Additionally learn: AIADMK, DMK, MMK, MNM, DMDK – Decoding the political alphabet of Tamil Nadu sambar
“ Needs to be seen as an funding, not as a present ”
The DMK and AIADMK have made a mess of guarantees of their electoral applications for the subsequent elections. These vary from provision of free washing machines at month-to-month allowances to ladies heads of family and a grant of 10,000 rupees to farmers to assist them purchase electrical motors.
Responding to remarks from the Madras Excessive Court docket, C. Ponnaiyan, a senior AIADMK chief, mentioned the presents have been made crucial by successive governments in Delhi since independence, which have constantly uncared for the poor and failed have applied no progressive insurance policies.
“Tamil Nadu solely has presents primarily based on want. These enhance folks’s well being and livelihoods, they need to be seen as an funding and never as a present, ”he added.
Ponnaiyan additional acknowledged that the Madras Excessive Court docket made these statements primarily based on insufficient data, which contrasts with the realities on the bottom.
The spokesperson and lawyer of DMK Manuraj S. pointed to a judgment by the 2013 Supreme Court docket, which mentioned events should present a transparent financial rationale for each election pledge.
“The Madras Excessive Court docket is correct to query the tax scenario, however it is very important understand that what was as soon as a luxurious is now important,” he mentioned, referring to highschool meals and Web entry.
He additionally criticized AIADMK ally BJP, saying far-fetched guarantees made by the Modi authorities like present Rs 15 lakh to every particular person’s account are bizarre and must be checked.
Additionally learn: Why Rajinikanth’s ‘warning from God’ is a blessing for DMK forward of Tamil Nadu election
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