The Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) presents its monetary statements and annual report 2020
‘Final yr, the COVID-19 pandemic modified our lives – in some methods even drastically, because it triggered extreme restrictions on social and financial exercise. Nonetheless, I’ve no doubts that, in time, we are going to go away the pandemic behind – because of widespread testing, accelerating the tempo of vaccine deployment and focused financial and financial coverage measures, ” stated Robert Holzmann, Governor of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB), stated in the present day through the presentation of the OeNB’s 2020 monetary statements and annual report.
The financial fallout from the pandemic in Austria has grown to unprecedented proportions since World Battle II, with the recession triggered by the 2009 monetary disaster paling compared. In 2020, GDP progress contracted by virtually 7% in Austria and unemployment reached file ranges. Large assist measures have briefly helped firms keep liquid and other people preserve their jobs. On the similar time, these fiscal and financial coverage measures weighed closely on Austria’s funds and pushed up public debt.
“There are, nonetheless, causes to hope that essentially the most critical penalties are already behind us,” Governor Holzmann continued on a constructive notice. At round + 2%, financial progress in Austria is anticipated to be nonetheless modest in 2021, however it should clearly be again in constructive territory. Austria’s lockdown in early 2021 and continued regional shutdowns of sure sectors, similar to tourism, will stop Austria’s output hole from narrowing sooner this yr as effectively.
How are financial coverage and the OeNB serving to to struggle the pandemic?
To counter distortions in monetary markets and mitigate the financial slowdown, the Governing Council of the European Central Financial institution (ECB) shortly determined in 2020 to develop Eurosystem asset purchases and launched a purchase order program Pandemic Emergency (PEPP), amongst different measures. Financial coverage has thus proved to be a decisive stabilizing issue. Throughout the framework of the PEPP, the Eurosystem is ready to make asset purchases between March 2020 and March 2022, with a complete envelope of € 1,850 billion.
“ Unsurprisingly, these financial coverage measures, whereas offering a lot wanted assist to the economic system, have additionally weighed on the OeNB’s stability sheet and revenue assertion for 2020. OeNB’s working revenue has considerably decrease than 2019, for instance. On the similar time, normal authorities curiosity expenditure fell sharply because of the non-standard financial coverage measures put in place since 2012 and the ECB’s low rate of interest coverage. In truth, the overall authorities’s curiosity expenditure can be 7 billion euros increased in 2021 than it’s, if the rate of interest assumptions of Could 2012 are fulfilled, ”Governor Holzmann added. .
“ The momentary easing of surveillance necessities and the measures the federal authorities had taken to cushion the impression of the COVID-19 pandemic helped Austrian banks preserve the actual economic system effectively stocked with loans to cowl the wants liquidity – particularly through the crucial first months of 2020, ” OeNB Deputy Governor Gottfried Haber defined. Even within the tough situations prevailing in 2020, the Austrian banking sector has fulfilled its position as an efficient monetary middleman, proving each its resilience and its means to assist alleviate the tense financial scenario. Help measures similar to short-time working, mortgage ensures, moratoriums and deferrals of cost of taxes and social safety contributions have helped cut back Austria’s insolvency price to 0.5% over the course of of the yr beneath assessment (2019: 0.9%). Based on the OeNB company insolvency mannequin, with out the assist measures, the insolvency price would have been more likely to attain 4.0%.
“Along with serving to stabilize the Austrian economic system and monetary market, the OeNB has efficiently ensured the supply of its crucial infrastructure in money logistics and cost providers. And we additionally reliably carried out our duties in all different core enterprise areas in 2020 – regardless that at instances virtually 90% of our employees labored remotely, ”Governor Holzmann stated. Due to the OeNB’s strong IT infrastructure and cutting-edge digital applied sciences, OeNB staff have been capable of carry out their duties from dwelling with virtually no restrictions and keep protected on the similar time.
OeNB Govt Director Eduard Schock famous that “ because the OeNB confronted spikes in demand for liquidity, notably through the first foreclosures in March 2020, we now have continued with out fail to offer each shoppers and the economic system in euros. Our success relies on an inner COVID-19 emergency plan and versatile working hours within the enterprise areas that deal with money withdrawals and housing. The OeNB thus ensured that safe money continued to play its key position within the Austrian cost cycle.
OeNB’s working revenue in 2020 drops to 10 million euros
“ The stability sheet and the revenue and loss account of the OeNB clearly replicate the implementation of the financial coverage measures that the Governing Council of the ECB adopted in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, ” defined the OeNB Govt Director Thomas Steiner through the OeNB particulars presentation. stability sheet and revenue and loss account.
At 228 billion euros, whole property reached an all-time excessive in 2020, up 74 billion euros in comparison with 2019. The rise in property is principally attributable to longer-term focused refinancing operations ( TLTRO, specifically TLTRO III operations) and financial coverage asset buy packages. Financial coverage operations represented a minimum of 66% of property on the finish of 2020, for a complete of 152 billion euros (2019: 50% or 77 billion euros). On the legal responsibility aspect, the present account balances of credit score establishments topic to minimal reserves elevated significantly, reaching 101 billion euros (2019: 36 billion euros).
Internet curiosity revenue fell to 374 million euros in 2020, virtually half in comparison with 2019 (681 million euros). On the one hand, a considerable contribution of € 217 million to curiosity revenue outcomes from the rise in present account balances of credit score establishments topic to minimal reserves, bearing in mind unfavourable curiosity on extra minimal reserves, and of the deposit facility. Alternatively, curiosity expense elevated sharply because of TLTROs (specifically the TLTRO III program). As well as, 297 million euros have been used on the supply for dangers to completely compensate for foreign money depreciations. In flip, the OeNB allotted 225 million euros to strengthen the supply for dangers.
As Govt Director Steiner defined, “All of those elements precipitated the OeNB’s working revenue for 2020 to drop to 10 million euros. The revenue share of the central administration amounted to eight million euros in 2020. As well as, by decision of in the present day’s Common Meeting, the OeNB pays a dividend of 600,000 euros to the central administration on its 2020 revenue for the yr of 878,000 euros ”.
OeNB actions in 2020 past the response to a pandemic
In 2020, the ECB and the nationwide central banks (NCBs) of the euro space additionally began to assessment the financial coverage technique of the Eurosystem. Their efforts have centered on defining worth stability in addition to the incentives and devices that can be utilized to make sure worth stability. Enjoying a number one position within the assessment, the euro space NCBs, just like the ECB, have additionally garnered contributions from curiosity teams and civil society organizations. Throughout its “ The OeNB Listens ” occasion on October 30, 2020, the OeNB reached out to many stakeholders in Austria to debate their views on the assessment of the financial coverage technique. The OeNB intends to proceed to interact in an open and direct dialogue with the Austrian public.
By teaming up with PSA Cost Providers Austria GmbH, the OeNB has laid the groundwork in 2020 for the modernization and sustainability of Austria’s retail cost settlement infrastructure. On this context, the OeNB has additionally created one other subsidiary: OeNPAY Monetary Innovation HUB GmbH.
In 2020, the OeNB adopted its technique for 2020 to 2025. Along with the important duties of the OeNB of sustaining worth stability, preserving monetary stability and making certain protected and environment friendly liquidity and cost methods, The brand new technique units out the next key priorities: advancing monetary improvements, enhancing monetary literacy in Austria, selling digital transformation and modernizing the OeNB as an organization.
On the finish of the press convention, Governor Holzmann thanked all employees, additionally on behalf of the Common Council and the OeNB Board of Administrators, for his or her wonderful cooperation and excellent dedication and for the necessary contribution they’ve made up to now to comprise the financial impression of the pandemic.
Oesterreichische Nationalbank printed this content material on March 23, 2021 and is solely liable for the data contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unchanged, on 23 March 2021 10:18:06 AM UTC.