HISTORY AND RELEVANCE
The word ‘Padma’ means a ‘lotus’ in the Sanskrit language, and ‘Shri’ means Mr. or Mrs. On January 2, 1954, a press release was issued by the Office of the Secretary to the President of India announcing the establishment of two civilian awards that were triggered by the Government of India and are widely known as the Bharat Ratna Award (the highest honorary civil award) and the Padma Awards (the second highest honorary award). In 1954, Dr Rajendra Prasad issued a public notice to announce the creation of the mentioned prices. above; after that, the Padma Prize were classified under three positions which were named Pehla Varg, Dusra Varg and Tisra Varg, but later in 1955 the names were changed as well as several statutes established in 1954. One of these statutes stated that no Padma award could be awarded posthumously (after death), but in 1955 the statute was changed to allow for the awarding of prizes posthumously. The Padma Bhushan is the third highest civilian honor in the Republic of India, preceded by Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan, and Padma Shri.
CATEGORIES AND DISTINCTION
Later, in 1980, another public notice was issued announcing that the Padma Awards had been renamed. The new names for the Padma Awards were Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri. Padma Vibhushan is awarded to people who present extraordinary and distinctive service. Padma Bhushan is awarded to those who have rendered outstanding service in a higher order. The Padma Shri Prize is awarded to individuals who have rendered outstanding service in their particular area of ââexpertise. These awards were presented to deserving recipients, regardless of gender, caste, race, profession, position or position. The award is intended not only for civilians, but also for officials. The criteria include “service in any field, including service rendered by public officials”, but exclude those who work with public sector companies, except doctors and scientists.
AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS
The winners of the Padma Prize are announced each year on January 26, Republic Day of India. Nominations to the Padma Awards Committee are made by the Padma Awards Committee, constituted by the Prime Minister of India and headed by the Secretary to the Cabinet. The committee includes the Minister of the Interior, the secretary to the president and a few other personalities. Recommendations are received from all State and Union Territory Governments and Ministries of India, Fellows Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan, Institutes of Excellence, Ministers of Chief Ministers and State Governors , members of Parliament. However, after 2015, the government said that any Indian citizen can recommend nominations for the Padma Awards, which is an online process. By making the nomination process online, the government has also allowed self-nomination for the awards. This amendment was made for more indulgence of the community towards the contribution to the growth of our country. The award consists of a certificate, also known as the Sanad, which is issued under the seal of the President, and a medallion with the Sanad. A replica of the medallion is given to recipients as they may use the replica during state functions or ceremonies.
PADMA SHRI AWARD 2020, 2021
The Padma Prizes were set in the field in 1954 and presented annually to various recipients with the exception of 1978, 1979, 1993, 1997 and 2020. In the 1990s, the ceremony did not take place because the government Janata wanted to respect Article 18 of the Indian Constitution on titles and awards. In 2020, the tribute ceremony for the Padma laureates could not take place and was postponed to 2021 due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
But this year 2021, a total of 119 recipients were honored with the 2021 Padma Awards. The awards are given to some of the highest civilian accolades in India, while the Indian government announced on Sunday that the Padma Awards will be distributed at the Rashtrapati Bhavan during of four different ceremonies held on November 8 and 9. President Ram Nath Kovind presented the Padma Awards on Monday to commuter PV Sindhu, footballer Oinam Bembem Devi, singer Pandit Channulal Mishra and journalist Lalbiakthanga Pachuau, among others.
LIST OF DOMAINS NOMINATED FOR THE PADMA AWARDS 2021
âThe award is given for ‘special service’ and not just for long service. It should not simply be about excellence in a particular field, but the criterion should be ‘excellence plus’, âsays the selection criteria for the Padma Awards.
The Padma Awards recognize outstanding and distinctive professional achievement and service such as social work, including charitable and societal improvement services. Public affairs, which includes law, politics, public policy. Art includes painting, drawing, dancing, photography, singing, music, cinematography and science which instills engineering, space engineering, research, development and commerce and industries, including economy, banking, tourism, business and management, etc. The award also recognizes sports and public services and inspires high performing people to do more for the betterment and growth of the country. A total of 119 Padma Awards will be presented by President Ram Nath Kovind this year. The list includes 7 Padma Vibhushan, 10 Padma Bhushan and 102 Padma Shri Awards. 29 of the laureates are women, 16 posthumous laureates and 1 transgender laureate. The list of professional winners is below.
LIST OF PERSONALITIES RECEIVED FROM PADMA AWARDS THIS YEAR
The ceremony in honor of the Padma laureates took place at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The eminent personalities who received the award were former Union ministers Arun Jaitley, Sushma Swaraj and George Fernandes. They posthumously bestowed the country’s second highest civilian honor, the Padma Vibhushan, for their distinguished service in a ceremony at Rashtrapati Bhavan on Monday.
“An outstanding parliamentarian and distinguished lawyer, he has made a significant contribution to judicial reforms, electoral reforms and progressive social and economic legislation,” Kovind said of Jaitley.
In the field of sports, Olympic medalist MC Mary Kom, former Mauritian President Anerood Jugnauth, spiritual leader Shri Shri Vishwesha Thleertha Swamiji of Udupi were also honored with President Ram Nath Kovind’s Padma Vibhushan.
In the field of education, Vidushi KS Jayalakshmi, co-editor, received the Padma Prize in Literature and Education (Journalism) for her work in one of the oldest Sanskrit dailies, Sudharma, published in Mysuru, Karnataka.
To recognize some of the extraordinary work of physicians in this global pandemic, Dr. Belle Monappa Hegde of Karnataka, an 82-year-old cardiologist and educator, receives the Padma Vibhushan Award for his contributions to the field of medicine this year.
Celebrities like Karan Johar, Kangana Ranaut, Adnan Sami and Ekta Kapoor also received the award.
INSPIRING REWARDS THAT IMPACT LIVES
Among these laureates, some Good Samaritans deserved special mention.
A 72-year-old tribal woman, Tulsi Gowda, from Karnataka, yesterday received the Padma Shri Prize for his contribution to environmental protection; Also famous as the âEncyclopedia of the Forestâ, Tulasi came for the award ceremony held at the Rashtrapati Bhawan, barefoot, dressed in her traditional attire. The inspiring environmentalist lacked the necessities of life. Studying was a far-fetched dream. But she didn’t let poverty be her obstacle.
Then is Harekala Hajabba, a fruit seller from Mangalore, Karnataka, received the Padma Shri for his exemplary social work in the field of education.
He is 68 years old and has not had the privilege of having a formal education. However, he made sure that no one else in his neighborhood was left uneducated. Therefore, with Rs 150 per day, he built a school in the year 2000. Hajabba said that building a school came to his mind in 1978 when a foreigner asked him the cost of the school. ‘orange. “I only know Kannada, not English or Hindi. As I could not communicate with the foreigner, I felt bad and decided to build a school in the village,” said the Laureate Padma Shree, and now Hajabba wants to invest the prize money which he received after winning various awards over these many years in building several schools in his village.
On Monday, congratulating the winners of the Padma, Union Home Minister Amit Shah said that it was truly a remarkable effort by the central government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to make Padma Awards the rewards of the ordinary person. The Padma Prizes are not offered in cash and recipients receive a certificate signed by the President and a medallion. Winners also receive a miniature replica of the medallion, “which they may wear at all ceremonies / state functions” if they wish. The names of the winners are published in the India Gazette on the day of the award ceremony.