The political crisis in Pakistan must end
SINCE March 2022, Pakistan has been constantly undergoing political crisis and uncertainty with no hope for a positive outcome.
The latest episode was the election of Chief Minister of Punjab, Hamza Shehbaz, who was elected Leader of the House.
Pakistan’s Supreme Court later overturned the decision and Pervaiz Elahi was declared the province’s chief minister as he won 186 votes to 179.
The PDM coalition government harshly protested the decision, constantly targeting the judiciary over the ruling.
The Supreme Court of Pakistan’s decision regarding the chief minister of Punjab is seen in the context of political maneuverability rather than constitutional limitations.
Indeed, the decision of the Vice President of Punjab was as unconstitutional as that made by the Vice President of the National Assembly in April 2022.
The unconstitutional dissolution of the National Assembly of Pakistan and the subsequent ruling by the Supreme Court of Pakistan was criticized by the PTI where Imran Khan was defeated by a vote of no confidence on April 9, 2022.
There have been exchanges of unconstitutional declarations by the leaders of all political parties against the Supreme Court, which clearly indicates that the political parties consider their party interests more important than the Constitution of Pakistan, which is really a very sad look.
While all of this is unfolding, the state and people of Pakistan are in deep trouble and suffering from all the uncertainties.
There is no central authority to control the situation and the economic crises are still worsening in Pakistan.
There are rumors that Pakistan could be heading for default at any time. The Pakistani rupee is at its lowest against the dollar (1 USD = 236 rupees).
Although the governance system was at its lowest under the Imran government, it has hit a new low amid the ongoing political crises and uncertainty.
Since these crises are the result of the violation of the Constitution by the political parties, they should therefore be held responsible for the chaos and related crises in Pakistan.
If they had followed the constitutional procedures, a smooth transition would have taken place with respect for democratic standards and respect for the Constitution.
How can violators of the Constitution claim to be legal, its protectors and have the right to rule the state.
The current situation in Pakistan is an unfortunate situation that requires immediate solution and political debate among all political parties in Pakistan.
Politicians must understand that the state is more important than their political parties.
Indeed, the State is the basic unit of an anarchic international system and must be reinforced internally by the political system and by respect for the Constitution.
At the national level, the political, economic and social activities of its masses revolve around the state and its interests.
Political forces (political parties) pursue the interests of the state through a political system while judiciously using all elements of national power.
In domestic politics, the activities of the political forces of any state are required to follow certain established rules, values and procedures, known as political ethics.
Indeed, “ethics and politics are inseparable” must therefore be practiced and demonstrated accordingly.
The relationship between ethics and politics is deeper and intimate for states like Pakistan that follow an ideology of a divine religion – Islam.
In the words of Allama Dr Muhammad Iqbal, “jalal-e-padshahi ho ki jamhuri tamasha ho, Judah Ho Deen Sayasat Say To Reh Jati Hai Changezi”.
This clearly reflects the picture of politics where there are no values (since religion is all about morality and values) and in the absence of values it is the “law of the jungle”. “.
The law of the jungle describes a situation where there are no principles, no rules and where people use force to get what they want.
The Constitution of Pakistan is based on the golden principles of Islam which is an upholder of morals, values and ethics.
Leaders of political parties should be specimens and a true reflection of values and ethics for the rest of the masses and the society they represent.
Indeed, they draw their power from the masses and the people whom they then ruled.
To be effective leaders, political parties must demonstrate an ethic that gives them the moral upper hand over the law of the jungle.
Unfortunately, almost all political parties in Pakistan publicly manifest a culture without values, ethics and morals.
This is actually a violation of their party’s constitution and written manifestos.
Their publicly demonstrated activities during the current crises send the wrong message to the general masses, especially the youth, who constitute more than 60% of the total Pakistani population.
While power should come from the people, the demonstrated mark is that it comes from violence, chaos, use of force, abusive language, money, political bribes and immoral practices.
Political forces must demonstrate respect for the law and its application through fair play and ethics.
But, the practices are totally different and indeed, contradictory in nature. Practically, political forces promote a system of political violence and antipathy, social fragmentation and intolerance, religious sectarianism and repulsion.
While the state and its interests and adherence to the Constitution of Pakistan should be at the center of all political parties, the practices demonstrated are different.
National interests and the masses are the missing links in the power politics of all political and religious parties in Pakistan.
Their immediate goals are to seize power (by any means that may be unconstitutional) and the later goals are to stay in power even if it is for unjustifiable reasons.
Far from state-centric national politics, Pakistan’s political parties are centered on the individual family, regardless of the abilities and potential of the members of these dynasties.
The unethical and indeed unconstitutional politics in Pakistan cannot be expected to nurture a political culture in the country that brings morality, values, rule of law, fair play and justice. ‘ethics.
Likewise, the dynastic politics of contemporary political parties in Pakistan should not encourage democracy in the broader political spectrum of Pakistan.
Furthermore, there are cartels (interest groups) of virtually every type that strongly support the current format of immoral politics in Pakistan.
Under the current crisis, the people of Pakistan desire an end to the country’s ongoing political crises with a clear roadmap for future policy in accordance with the Constitution of Pakistan and economic revival of the country.
— The author is a professor of politics and international relations at the International Islamic University in Islamabad.